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Arthritis

Arthritis

Arthritis is a medical condition that affects the joints of humans. It causes the degeneration or damage of the joint, which makes it very painful to use the joints. While arthritis affects people of both gender and almost all age grades, old people are at a higher risk of having this medical condition.

The disease affects all the parts of the body where there are joints, but the most common areas that suffer from arthritis include the Knees, Feet, Hands, Lower Back, and Hips.

In every joint present in the human body, there is a connective tissue known as the articular cartilage. This tissue cushions the effect of joint movement and ensures easy and frictionless movement at the joints. However, when this tissue gets affected and depleted, it causes friction at the joints and this makes it difficult and painful to use the joints, hence, arthritis.

There are many types of arthritis, and some of the common ones include:
  • Osteoarthritis: this is the most common type of arthritis and is caused by the wear and tear of the cartilage between the joints
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a disease that makes the body’s immune system attack the synovial fluid at the joint
  • Gout: This type of arthritis is caused by the presence of hard crystals formed by uric acid in the joints.


How Arthritis Affects the Lifestyle of Patients



Arthritis is a serious medical condition as it affects the ability of patients to move comfortably and properly. People suffering from this condition find it difficult to move about and complete simple tasks. If left untreated for a long time, it might completely rob patients of the ability to move and confine them to wheelchairs.

Diagnosing Arthritis



If you think you have arthritis, the best course of action is to see your healthcare provider. The provider will assess the range of movement at the affected joint, check for any tenderness around the joint, and also evaluate your overall health condition to make sure the symptoms are not caused by another medical condition. You may also be asked to undergo imaging such as MRI, Ultrasound, or X-Ray.

Treatment of Arthritis



At the moment, there is no cure for arthritis. We only have treatment options that help patients manage the condition. These treatment options depend on the severity of arthritis and the type of symptoms you are experiencing. Some of the treatment options include:
  • Medication: using pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs could help you manage some forms of arthritis. There are medications known as biologics that target the inflammatory response of the immune system and its effect on the joints.
  • Physical therapy: Arthritis patients may also undergo rehabilitation that helps with range of motion and overall mobility in a way that reduces the arthritic pain at the joints.
  • Injections: Injections such as Cortisone help to temporarily relieve the pain and inflammation felt in joints. There is also an injection-based treatment known as Viscosupplementation. This treatment includes the injection of lubricants to make the joints move better. This treatment is used for body parts such as the knee.